Grafting a Vine -instruction for the Home Garden

Is it really possible to graft a vine? In principle, it is no problem to replace a plant on the spot, because with vines there are no regrowth problems due to soil fatigue. Unfortunately, however, it takes quite a few years before it becomes a respectable vine again.

On the expert pages of the LWG (Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture) in Veitshöchheim, the so-called site grafting for wine is described in more detail. If this is successful, the scions of the new (better) variety grow into metre-long shoots in the same year, on which many delicious grapes hang in the following year.

A site grafting therefore offers several advantages:

The existing root system remains intact.
Varietal conversion is achieved quickly.
The harvest is already satisfactory the following year.

The garden experiment: The high-yielding grape variety ‘Arkadia’ (already present elsewhere) should also thrive on the house wall in the future. It is a light green table grape that ripens in September. No small berries with a high seed content as before, but large, aromatic fruits on heavy bunches!

The result: in fact, two whips a good three metres long grew from a single graft. One shoot was destined to climb the downpipe as a leader, the other was pruned back to a few buds – it will bear fruit from now on.

And this is how it works: grafting a vine in 8 steps

1 Unusual: When grafting vines, shoots from the previous year (brown) are grafted onto new shoots (green). Cut the shoots already in winter and store them at around 4 °C.

2 For copulation with counter-tongue, first cut rice and rootstock diagonally with a sharp knife at the end of May, beginning of June. The cut surfaces should be the same size.

3 Make a longitudinal cut in the upper third of both cut surfaces in the respective shoot.

4 This creates the so-called counter-tongues. Advantage over the simple copulation: once inserted into each other, the scion does not have to be held tightly when joined. Ideal for joining is highly stretchable PE grafting tape (e.g. from Schacht).

5 After a few weeks the scions will sprout.

6 So that the noble shoot is not overgrown by the old variety …

7 … all competing shoots should be regularly broken off during the summer.

8 Done! Scion (right) and rootstock (left) are firmly grown together.

Grafting a Vine -instruction for the Home Garden

Robust table grape varieties for the garden

‘Arcadia ‘yellow, very large berries, low in seeds, juicy, sweet, mushroom-resistant, early
‘Arcadia Rozowa’rosé to red, large berries, juicy, finely aromatic, frost-hardy, fungus-resistant, very early
‘Galachad‘yellow, very large berries, juicy, fine-fruited, very robust, very early
‘Kodrianka’blue, medium sized berries, large clusters, few seeds, fine-fruited, robust, medium-early
‘Liwia‘red, medium sized berries, large grapes, muscat aroma, very sweet, low in seeds, robust, early
‘Muscat Bleu’blue, intense muscat aroma, medium sized berries and clusters, loose berries, very robust, early
‘Suffolk Red’red, medium sized berries, large grapes, thin skinned, seedless, finely fruity
‘Venus‘blue, medium sized berries, large clusters, seedless, robust, fine fruity,
‘Vanessa‘red, medium sized berries, large pigeons, fine fruity, seedless, early

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