Plants in the form we are used to are no longer surprising, but this does not apply to predatory specimens. Such a unique creation of nature, like the Venus flytrap, can be of interest to everyone. Let’s take a closer look at the process of growth of this unusual flower from seeds.
“Dionea” is scientifically called muscipula, which means “mouse trap” in Latin. It is believed that the scientists who first saw and described this plant gave it a wrong name. In Russia, this interesting creature was given the beautiful name “Venus flytrap”, given in honor of the Roman goddess of love and plants. The lifespan of this flower can be up to 30 years, and all these years it looks very impressive and unusual.
On a short stem, there are no more than 7 leaves ranging in size from 3 to 7 cm, gathered in a bunch. In nature, this flower grows in swamps with low levels of nitrogen in the soil. This lack of the specified substance is compensated by the consumption of insects containing nitrogen. To drive them away, the plant has leaves – traps.
After flowering, they start to appear on short stems. The trap is greenish on the outside and reddish on the inside. It looks like a “trap” formed by two leaves. On the edges, there are small hairs that look like teeth. They allow you to close the trap more tightly when they are triggered, so that the prey cannot get out. Inside the trap there are special glands that produce sap, which attracts prey.
The victim enters a trap to collect this juice. At this moment, the smallest hairs sense the presence of prey, and the trap closes instantly. After the complete closure of the “trap” turns into a kind of stomach and begins to digest the victim. After a week of digestion, the trap opens again, and it is already ready for a new hunt. This cycle continues several times, after which the trap goes out.
At home, it is most often possible to grow a Venus flytrap precisely by germinating seeds, but this is not the only way to reproduce this plant. Breeders have successfully reproduced this flower in:
- division bushes;
The bush takes root after its root system has formed. Until this happens, the small shoots without traps can be detached from the main bush and transplanted. The same thing happens with the bulbs, only they are buried by ¾ so that nothing interferes with the sprouts.
It should be noted that these processes are very similar and all require very careful handling of the roots.
Collection and preparation of seeds
Given the peculiarities of this plant and its rarity in the collections of flower growers in our country, the best way to grow will be the seed. You can buy seeds in many online stores or directly from breeders.
The described culture begins to bloom in spring or early summer.On long peduncles, beautiful white flowers are formed.
The process of flowering is very energy-consuming for the plant, and these flowers should be left only if it is necessary to collect the seeds.
This flower will not be able to pollinate at home, and in this it needs help:
after opening the flower, you will need to take a small soft bristle brush;
collect the pollen of the selected flower in tassels;
transfer the collected material to the pistil of another flower as carefully as possible;
this pollination must be done with each flower.
After successful pollination, the first seeds may begin to appear after about 1 month.The fruits of the Venus flycatcher, or “Dionea”, are racemose. Inside an ovary, there can be 10 to 25 black seeds. They ripen even after being harvested from the plant. It is necessary to plant properly at the earliest 3-4 months after the pollination process.
Even if you use purchased seeds, before sowing, they need to be stratified or, more simply, “activated”.To do this, you need to spread them on a cloth or cotton soaked in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. Then you must remove them for 8 weeks in a dark place with a constant temperature of 3 to 6 ° C.
A refrigerator is well suited for this purpose. But not the freezer – there the seeds will freeze and die.
The best time to sow seeds is February. This time was not chosen by accident, as seeds planted at this time will have time to strengthen by early summer and they can be transplanted into separate pots.
It is quite difficult to grow a predatory flower at home from a seed to a full-fledged flower, but if you approach this problem responsibly, know some rules, this task will become much easier. For planting, choose a low pot with a spacious tray for frequent watering.
It is advisable to choose containers made of transparent materials, you can use an aquarium to achieve a greenhouse effect.
You must plant the seeds correctly like this:
at the bottom of the pot, you need to put a substrate or sphagnum moss and spill it well with water;
the seeds just need to be spread on the surface, not buried in the soil, then cover the pot with a transparent material or glass;
place the container with the seeds in a well-lit place – for the sprouts to appear, a temperature of at least + 24 ° C is required.
If all conditions are met, the first leaves will appear in 14 to 40 days. The speed of their appearance depends on external factors and the quality of the soil. Throughout the germination period, it is necessary to aerate the soil, water regularly through the pot, and you will also need to spray the plant to increase the humidity level.
Maintenance of seedlings
During the care of the described plant, even experienced florists have some problems, related to its immediate content.
Due to excess moisture in the soil, dark spots may appear on the shoots, indicating that they rot. If the irrigation regime is not urgently adjusted, the fungus will develop and the flower may die.
For irrigation, do not use ordinary tap water and mineral-rich fertilizers for ornamental plants. Otherwise, the wilting of leaves and gradual death of the plant will begin.
It is not desirable to touch the trap itself with your hands, overfeed the flower and try to feed it with food.
Continued exposure to direct sunlight can cause brown spots. They can only be removed by adjusting the light intensity.
Before the start of the dormancy period, the leaves may turn yellow or white. Since this flower hibernates at temperatures of +2 to +10 ° C, it is problematic to create such conditions in an apartment.The exit from this situation will be loose (you can make several holes in the bag for air circulation), wrap the flower in a plastic bag and place it in the lower compartment of the refrigerator in a place for fruit, where the temperature is slightly higher than in the rest of the space and is maintained at + 5 ° WITH. But do not forget, it is periodically necessary to check the floor and keep it in a slightly damp condition. You should not worry about lighting, because the plant does not need it during a dormant period.
After a successful wintering, the plant described must again be adapted to the heat. When the daytime temperature on the balcony reaches +5 to +10 ° C, the flycatcher can be sent to fresh air. But be careful and monitor the temperature.If frost is expected overnight, put the plant back in the refrigerator or it will freeze. “Dionea” moves away from winterization very slowly. After the refrigerator, it may appear to be completely dead. Gradually, it will begin to release small leaves. In late spring, the rate of leaf growth increases. When a large number of leaf patches appear, you can start feeding it with insects.
The plant described is very picky about water structure. It can only be watered with pharmacy distilled water. It can also be obtained from the Moonshine still.
Never use tap water in any form – standing, boiled or frozen will not work.
This plant really likes humid climates, so it is advisable to always have some water in its pot. It can be placed in an aquarium to create a more comfortable environment.