Lack of Water in the Vegetable Patch: the Consequences

Lack of water in garden crops results in wilting and stunted growth. Radishes and radishes, for example, become very sharp and grow slowly when water is scarce. Sometimes they flower and do not produce tubers.


Lack of water in the vegetable patch and the consequences of fluctuating soil moisture

If the soil moisture fluctuates too much, the roots of carrots, radishes, radishes and kohlrabi tear. Even tomatoes, cherries or plums burst if water is suddenly available in excess after a long drought.

Tomatoes react with blossom end rot about six weeks after severe drought. During the “drought” they could only absorb little calcium, an important building block in cell walls. The cells at the blossom end of the tomato die – especially in large or bottle-shaped varieties.

In apples, calcium deficiency in the fruit leads to stippling. With older cucumber varieties, occasionally also with courgettes, the fruits can become bitter due to irregular watering.

Vegetables and fruits whose fruits, tubers or leaves grow within a short period of time need considerably more water during this period. Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, apples, raspberries, strawberries, cabbages, turnips, etc. that are too scarce remain smaller or ripen later.


The opposite of a lack of water in the vegetable patch: floods

Too much water leads to strong, soft growth in aromatic herbs. The aroma suffers. Plants with too much water are more often attacked by pests or disease. Mint, basil or Indian nettles, however, will gladly take a sip more.

During cool periods, abundant watering can oversaturate the soil to the point that roots rot, especially in young seedlings and cohesive soils.
Prevent the effects of water shortage in the vegetable patch by watering breaks

Do not pamper established plants with daily watering. It is better to water abundantly and thoroughly once a week. In the meantime, allow the soil to dry out. Then the plants will develop a larger root system and survive dry periods much better.

Young plants consume only little, but would like to be watered every one to three days until they grow.


Extra tip: Limit watering before ripening

Before the ripening of stored vegetables such as onions, garlic, potatoes and winter radishes, you should limit and eventually stop watering. This leads to better ripeness and thus longer storage life.

The exception is early potatoes, which are harvested before final ripeness anyway.
Preventing a lack of water in the vegetable patch: Is it better to irrigate?

Tomatoes and potatoes do not take kindly to overhead watering: danger of blight! Cucumbers, on the other hand, appreciate occasional overhead sprinkling, both outdoors and under glass, as long as the leaves dry off again by evening. High humidity reduces the risk of powdery mildew and spider mites.

Strawberry flowers and fruits should not get wet when watering. They could rot. A mulch layer of straw, separates moist soil from the delicate fruit. Water between the rows in watering furrows. Also water potatoes, asparagus, leeks cultivated on dams in furrows.

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