Propagate Fig Tree – Instructions For Seeds, Cuttings And Cuttings

Those who already have a fig tree, may want to grow more, small trees themselves, to later then have a larger yield of the tasty figs. But also as a natural shade on a meadow, a fig with its large leaves and spreading growth is very suitable. Thus, there are many reasons to propagate the fig tree, this is usually always successful in three ways, with seeds or through offshoots and cuttings.


Propagating a fig tree can be done in three ways, all three of which are simple and usually succeed. Depending on whether there is already a fig tree in your own garden or at your neighbor’s, cuttings, offshoots and seeds can be used. In addition, the fresh fruit from the store can also provide a good basis for growing with seeds.

So extra dried seeds from the store are not necessary at all to grow a fig tree. In addition, all branches, twigs and shoots can be used, which are left over from the pruning of a fig tree in the garden. Thus, young shoots and old branches that have become too large and too long are chosen for propagation. Ficus carica can also be easily propagated throughout the year.


Whether the fruit of your own fig trees or fresh, store-bought, both are excellent for growing figs by seed. Seeds can be sown all year round, and there is no need to prepare the seeds. They are simply taken with a knife from the cut fruit and sowed.

Propagate Fig Tree - Instructions For Seeds, Cuttings And Cuttings

Here you should proceed as follows:

  • choose small pots or bowl
  • standard potting soil is sufficient for the seeds
  • figs are light germinators, just place the seeds and press down lightly
  • pull a transparent foil over the pot
  • should be aired daily against mold growth
  • keep substrate always slightly moist
  • place in a warm, bright place without direct sunlight
  • ideal temperature is between 20° and 25° Celsius
  • after about ten days the first seedlings appear
  • when they are 5 cm high, remove the cover

When the small plants have reached a height of about ten centimeters, they can be pricked out and moved to larger pots. However, care must be taken not to place them in full sun, because the young shoots burn very easily and could then be damaged in such a case. The first ten years the fig should be cultivated in a container, because it is only conditionally hardy and in the young years does not tolerate frost and should be moved to winter quarters. Depending on the variety and climate zone, it can then be moved outdoors.

propagation – definition

Whether offshoots or head cuttings, there are many names for the young shoots or older wood taken from the fig tree and used for propagation. Head cuttings of the fig are usually taken from the tree between May and June, but can be used at any other time of year. The cuttings from the older wood can also be taken throughout the year.

Only in the flowering season should be left branches on which there are flowers. Vegetative propagation has the main advantage that the figs grown from it have the same genetic material as the mother fig. Thus, you can grow many identical trees with the same characteristics from a single fig. For example, even an old tree that is slowly dying can be propagated and live on in the young trees.

Propagate Fig Tree - Instructions For Seeds, Cuttings And Cuttings

Head cuttings from young shoots

Many head cuttings you can grow from a fig. Thus, for the propagation of cuttings, as a rule, the young, still green shoots, as well as the tips of the shoots are selected.

In this case, the procedure is then as follows:

  • remove all the leaves
  • immediately place in a glass of water
  • if the shoot takes root in the water, immediately put it into the soil
  • the head cuttings can also be inserted directly into the soil
  • use normal potting soil
  • attach to a small stick for straight growth
  • if the first leaves appear, the rooting was successful.
  • head cuttings can be grown all year round
  • in winter they must be brought indoors
  • if roots have formed, transplant them into containers.

The head cuttings should be kept in a bright and warm place at about 20° Celsius, but should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Even if they have already rooted and are developing new leaves, do not place them in direct sun for the first few months. The risk of burning the new leaves and the cuttings as a whole is too great. In addition, the soil should always be kept moist, but waterlogging should be avoided. To accelerate rooting and new shoots, a transparent film can be placed over the pot and the plant. However, daily airing is a must.

Cuttings from half-woody shoots

Half-woody shoots can also be used for propagating cuttings. For this purpose, the one-year shoots are used, which have become too long and therefore should be cut. In any case, care should be taken that these are not flowering and fruiting shoots, if several of them are to be taken. When propagating the half-woody shoots then proceed as follows.

  • remove all existing leaves
  • put them in pot with potting soil and sand
  • make sure that at least one eye is inserted into the soil
  • keep soil moist
  • cover with transparent film for constant humidity
  • ventilate daily
  • place in a warm and bright place
  • when the new leaves appear, remove the film

As with all young figs, do not leave them outdoors for the first few winters, but move them to appropriate winter quarters.

Cuttings from older wood

A new fig tree can also be grown relatively easily from older branches and wood. To do this, simply cut the branches below one eye to a length of about 25 cm. For the cultivation of offshoots, a mixture of sand and soil is needed, into this the timbers are inserted with the eye down about 10 cm.

Propagate Fig Tree - Instructions For Seeds, Cuttings And Cuttings

The ideal time for this is especially the time when the fig is cut back altogether, because in such a case can already be a lot of wood that can be used for propagation. Propagation with the offshoots from the older wood can take a little more time and, unfortunately, does not succeed every time.

Otherwise, the procedure is as follows:

  • Insert the wood into a prepared pot.
  • cover with transparent foil
  • ventilate daily
  • keep the soil moist, avoid waterlogging
  • place in a bright and warm place
  • avoid direct sunlight
  • rooting is done when new leaves appear
  • then remove the foil
  • can be put outside in summer
  • avoid blazing sun in the first year
  • in winter spend the first years in a winter quarters

Fig from vacation

If you travel to the south, for example to Turkey or Greece, you will find large fig trees on every corner. They do not even mind if individual shoots or even woody branches are cut. So you can also bring back a cutting for your own small fig tree from your vacation. Ideally, the branches or shoots are cut on the last evening of vacation, transported in the suitcase and arrived at home, plugged directly.

In this way, propagation should also succeed. Since there is no species protection here, there will also be no difficulties at customs. Mostly the figs growing wild in the southern countries are also more robust than those offered here in the trade. The cuttings from vacation for propagation in your own garden at home are prepared at the resort as follows.

  • as a rule, use half-mature shoots
  • cut them with a sharp knife or scissors
  • remove all leaves
  • wrap the cut with damp paper towel
  • put them into a plastic water bottle
  • ideally a 1.5 liter bottle is suitable for this purpose
  • screw the lid back on for taking along in the suitcase

In the humid climate in the bottle, the figwort will keep for a good two days, but then it should be aired again. Sometimes you can experience a little surprise when you arrive back home, because it often happens that shoots have already sprouted new leaves and roots again. Here then proceed exactly as in the propagation with offshoots from older wood or head cuttings.

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