10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds

Last updated on October 23rd, 2023 at 08:19 pm

Can plants reproduce without seeds? Are there plants that can grow without sowing a seed? The answer is yes: there are plants that resprout and can give rise to another plant from stems, fruits or other parts.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Potatoes with sprouts, stems or “crickets”.

Many plants reproduce through asexual methods like vegetative propagation, which doesn’t involve seeds. These plants produce new individuals from plant parts such as stems, leaves, or roots. Here are ten examples of plants that reproduce without seeds:

  1. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum): Spider plants produce “spiderettes” or baby plants on long, arching stems. These baby plants can be potted separately to grow into new spider plants.
  2. Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis miller): Aloe vera can reproduce through offsets, which are small plantlets that grow at the base of the main plant. These offsets can be separated and potted to create new aloe plants.
  3. Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata): Snake plants produce offshoots that can be separated from the parent plant and planted independently.
  4. Mint (Mentha spp.): Mint can propagate through runners, which are underground stems that produce new plants. These runners can be cut and planted to create more mint plants.
  5. Strawberry (Fragaria spp.): Strawberries send out runners that develop into new plants. These runners can be planted to produce more strawberry plants.
  6. Rose (Rosa spp.): Many roses can be propagated through cuttings. By taking a cutting from a healthy rose plant and planting it, you can grow a new rose bush with identical characteristics.
  7. Bamboo (Bambusoideae): Bamboo can spread through rhizomes, underground stems that produce new shoots. Rhizomes can be divided and replanted to create new bamboo plants.
  8. Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata): Fiddle leaf figs can be propagated from stem cuttings. Place a cutting in water until it roots, then transfer it to soil to grow a new plant.
  9. Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera spp.): Christmas cacti can be propagated through stem cuttings. Take a cutting, let it callus for a day or two, and then plant it in soil.
  10. Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe spp.): Kalanchoe can produce plantlets along the margins of its leaves. These plantlets can be detached and planted to grow into new Kalanchoe plants.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds

These are just a few examples of plants that can reproduce asexually. Many other plants also have the ability to propagate without seeds, making them excellent choices for propagation experiments or for growing new plants without the need for seeds.

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After the article on How to regrow potatoes, I thought I would write this post about other plants that reproduce without seeds. Below we will look at several examples of seedless plants: garden species that can be propagated from plant parts such as cuttings, cuttings, runners or a portion of the vegetable itself.

Since we are in Agrohuerto, we will focus on fruits and vegetables that reproduce without seeds. It is true that there are also many other plants that reproduce without seeds such as aloe vera, brazilwood, sansevieria, ivy and many others, but today I will tell you curiosities about some of the plants that we use in the kitchen, such as leafy vegetables, bulb vegetables, small fruits like strawberries, aromatic herbs, etc.

Then we will see some examples of plants that reproduce without seeds and how to plant garlic, carrots or aromatic herbs without using seeds.

  1. Basil

I put it at the top of the list because the truth is that it is one of my favorite aromatic herbs. It is delicious in salads, to flavor dishes and to make sauces such as the famous pesto sauce.

Besides the fact that it can be grown in containers indoors, as we saw in How to grow basil in pots, it is one of the edible plants that reproduce without seeds.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Propagating basil by cuttings

To reproduce basil without using seeds just cut some leaves and put them in water until they grow roots. When they grow, the new seedling will be ready to be planted in a new pot, where it will grow and give more shoots.

  1. Garlic

The easiest thing to do if you want to grow garlic is to use your own garlic cloves that you have at home to grow new plants.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Furrows for planting seedless garlic

To plant garlic without using seeds we should use one clove per pot or, if we plant garlic in the ground, put the cloves at a sufficient distance from each other. Each clove of garlic will give rise to a plant that will produce a new head of garlic with dozens of cloves like the one you planted.

  1. Strawberries

Strawberries have the tiny seeds on the skin or surface of the fruit itself. They are so small, that it may be easier to reproduce strawberries asexually (seedless) by letting new “daughter plants” come out thanks to the runners.

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10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Strawberry plants multiply by stolons

To produce strawberries without using seeds, we only need to leave enough space around the plant for it to continue to develop and give rise to new shoots.

  1. Potatoes

To plant seedless potatoes we must bury the potato portions where the buds appear (eyebrows and eyelets) that will give rise to new shoots.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Potato yolks (eyebrows and eyelets)

As each potato has several buds, from each one we can obtain several plants that will give rise to new tubers. We saw this in How to regrow potatoes in 5 easy steps.

  1. Carrots

There is a part of the carrot that we always cut and usually throw away. I am referring to the top part, a kind of “button” from where the leaves come out (the apical meristem).

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds
Regrowing carrots

Well, from that small part we can grow another carrot as good as the first one.

  1. Onions, spring onions, leeks…

All these plants, even if we buy them in the supermarket, usually come with the roots. If they are not too dry, you can cut that part of the base of the stem with the roots and plant again to grow a new plant.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds

In addition, if we have in the garden any of these liléaceas we can cut (not tear) the harvest and the plant will be able to regrow and produce another new specimen from the base of the stem of the plant that we have already harvested.

  1. Lettuce

You may not have known that from the base of a lettuce that you have already eaten you can grow a new lettuce. As in the case of carrots and other vegetables that regrow, we can obtain a new lettuce plant by watering and burying the base of the stem of a lettuce that we have consumed.

10 Plants that Reproduce Without Seeds

In the post that Elena wrote on How to re-grow vegetables you can see the steps to re-grow lettuce at home and also how to reproduce aromatic herbs without seeds.

  1. Rosemary

In the post Growing rosemary at home all year round, we saw that rosemary is a hardy aromatic and easy to grow, even in pots or anywhere.

If you want to share your plant, or take some more to have more rosemary, you can reproduce it by planting a sprig in another pot filled with soil or substrate as they tell us in the link I put above.

  1. Ginger
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This tasty root is widely used as a condiment, and the truth is that its peculiar flavor gives a very special touch to most of them. Besides, it has a lot of health properties. If you buy some ginger root from time to time, you can use some of it to get more at home.

  1. Kiwi and Banana

If we bury a piece of banana and a piece of kiwi stuck together… do we get a “Baniwi”? Let’s see it!

Well, they could try to trick us with the video… (in fact it was a prank that KinCommunity uploaded to its Youtube channel), but this is not so… Neither bananas nor kiwis are plants that grow without seeds like potatoes, garlic and others that we have seen in the post.

Although number 10 in the list of examples of plants that reproduce without seeds is just a joke, the rest is true 🙂 Whenever you want you can try to grow these plants that reproduce without seeds in your own home and so you will not have to make seedbeds and wait for them to germinate….

As always, invite you to share with us in the comment thread below any kind of comments, experiences, suggestions or questions you may have Do you know of other plants that reproduce without seeds? Have you ever regrown plants at home?

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  • James Jones

    Meet James Jones, a passionate gardening writer whose words bloom with the wisdom of an experienced horticulturist. With a deep-rooted love for all things green, James has dedicated his life to sharing the art and science of gardening with the world. James's words have found their way into countless publications, and his gardening insights have inspired a new generation of green thumbs. His commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship shines through in every article he crafts.